Sunday, 29 December 2013

congress's contribution of India, December 30, 2013 at 9:00am

: A few humble contributions of Congress
1. Constitution of India
2. IITs, IIMs, ISI, 250 plus universities, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, UGC 1956, AICTE 1987
3. Doordarshan
4. AIR
5. IGNOU largest university in the worldestablished in 1985
6. New IITs and IIMs during UPA 1
9. First Indian cosmonaut Mr Rakesh Sharma
10. Pakistan Surrenders to India 1971
11. Nuclear Deal
12. Computerization by Shri Rajiv Gandhi
13. Non Aligned Movement by Pt. Jawahr LalNehru
14. Bringing back the Gold deposited out of thecountry
15. First Nuclear Test during Mrs. Gandhi
16. DRDO
17. Economic Reforms by Mr Manmohan Singh
18. India is 4th largest GDP
19. 2nd fastest growing economy
21. RTI
22. Kendriya Vidhyalayas
23. SAIL
24. BHEL
25. HZL
26. Locomotive factories etc realted to railways
27. Jai Jawan Jai Kisan
28. Nuclear Deal
29. Inclusion of Sikkim in India
30. Chandrayan
31. Bhakra Nangal Dam
32. Planning Commision of India and First FiveYear plan in 1951 by Pt. Jawahar lal Nehru
34. free and compulsory elementary educationforrural children
35. Nationalization of Banks
36. Green Revolution
37. As per economic surveys, when Indira Gandhi became Prime Minister, 65% of the country'spopulation was below the poverty line, and whenher regime ended in 1984, this figure was 45%.During her rule, food production increased by250%.Literacy also increased in India by 30%.
38. Modernization of the telecommunicationindustry
39. Navodaya Vidyalaya System in 1986
40. The first National Education Programme was promulgated in 1968 by the government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, and the second by Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1986.
41. Shri Rajiv Gandhi increased government support for science and technology and associated industries, and reduced import quotas, taxes and tariffs on technology-based industries, especially computers, airlines, defence and telecommunications. He introduced measures significantly reducing the License Raj, allowing businesses and individuals to purchase capital, consumer goodsand import without bureaucratic restrictions.
42. created MTNL in 1986,
43. public call offices, better known as PCOs,helped spread telephones in rural areas
. 44. free market reforms that rescued the almostbankrupt nation from economic collapse.
45. SEBI Act of 1992 and the Security Laws(Amendment) which gave SEBI the legal authority to register and regulate all security marketintermediaries.
46. Opening up in 1992 of India's equitymarketsto investment by foreign institutional investorsand permitting Indian firms to raise capital oninternational markets by issuing GlobalDepositoryReceipts (GDRs)
47. Starting in 1994 of the National StockExchange as a computer-based trading system which served as an instrument to leverage reforms of India's other stock exchanges. The NSE emerged as India's largest exchange by 1996.
48. The impact of these reforms may be gauged from the fact that total foreign investment (including foreign direct investment, portfolio investment, and investment raised on international capital markets) in India grew from a minuscule US $132 million in 1991-92 to $5.3billion in 1995-96 49. Rao began industrial policy reforms with the manufacturing sector. He slashed industrial licensing, leaving only 18 industries subject to licensing. Industrial regulation was rationalized.
50. it was Rajiv Gandhi who reduced the voting age to 18.
51. It was Rajiv Gandhi who declared Swami Vivekanandas birth anniversary on January 12thas National Youth Day.
52. Look East foreign policy
53. A strong earthquake in Latur, Maharashtra,also killed 10,000 people and displaced hundreds of thousands in 1993. Rao was applauded by many for using modern technology and resources to organize major relief operations to assuage the stricken people, and for schemes of economic reconstruction. The prime minister, Narasimha Rao, appointed anOxford-educated former academic/bureaucrat,Manmohan Singh, as finance minister. Singh had served in all major economic positions in the country, including as governor of India’s centralbank, the Reserve Bank of India. As secretary-general of the South Commission, he had also had close interactions with IMF managing director Michel Camdessus. As economic adviserto the previous prime minister Singh was not new to the impending crisis. To him, making exchange rate adjustments, implementing fiscal reform, and influencing business expectations were the most immediatepolicy priorities.
.54. Food Security Bill55. LOKPAL56. Woman"s protection Bill..

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